background clip is configurable for every background gradient separately

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This post is part of my Today I learned series in which I share all my learnings regarding web development.

Today, I looked at a CodePen created by Ana Tudor. Chris Coyier included this pen in an article about the new CSS-tricks redesign to explain how they created a particular UI-element.

UI-element with gradient borders and a long outline to the lest

What I thought was fascinating about the above element is that Ana used only a single HTML element to create it.

<!-- this is all the markup ๐Ÿ˜ฒ -->
<nav id="css"></nav>

I created a new Pen and started rebuilding the same UI-element to understand how Ana had built it. The scss code to build this element is forty lines long, but most of the magic happens inside of the background property.

#css {
  /* ... */
  background: 
    linear-gradient(#333, #222) padding-box, 
    linear-gradient(90deg, #db1d60, #ed4f32) 
      0/ 50% no-repeat border-box, 
    linear-gradient(-90deg, #eb7d01, #ed4f32 .5*65vw, rgba(#ed4f32, 0)) 
      100% 101%/ 65% 75% no-repeat border-box;
}

These lines are a lot to grasp, and it inevitably takes a moment (or a few more in my case) to understand what's going on in there, but what surprised me immediately was the first gradient definition.

linear-gradient(#333, #222) padding-box

Wait a second? Can you define background-clip for every single gradient inside of the background property?

It turns out you can!

(... and I felt like I understood a tiny bit more how all these creative developers make impressive artwork with "just a few gradients")

You can use the background property with different gradients and background-clips to create colorful borders. With a combination of border-box, padding-box, and content-box you can even style two different borders without any pseudo-elements. ๐ŸŽ‰

#css {
  /* padding defines the width of the red gradient background (2) */
  padding: .25em;

  /* border-width defines the width the blue gradient background (3) */
  border: .25em solid transparent;

  background: 
    /* (1) most inner gradient */
    linear-gradient(to bottom, #fff, #bbb) content-box,
    /* (2) red gradient */
    linear-gradient(to right, #e94332, #a91302) padding-box,
    /* (3) blue gradient */
    linear-gradient(to right, #0867a6, #4aa9e8) border-box;
}

Single button element including three gradients

(you can play around with the above example on CodePen)

If you want to know more about the background-clip property, content-box or padding-box โ€“ Ana Tudor wrote a massive article on CSS-tricks about precisely this topic.

Additionally, if you're interested in how to create gradient borders, just recently there was an article published (also on CSS-tricks) covering this topic.

Enjoy!

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