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The Web Weekly newsletter keeps you up to date, teaches you web development tricks and covers all things working in tech.

Hello hello! πŸ‘‹

When can we start server-rendering shadow DOM? What makes a perfect code diff view? And how do you implement accessible notifications?

This week's Web Weekly includes all the answers and much more. Enjoy!

I've got some news. In December, I left my full-time gig at Checkly and now work solo. πŸ˜… It's scary, but things are going really well so far.

One major part of this decision was that I wanted to focus more on Web Weekly. I'm dreaming of this newsletter becoming "a real thing". Could that work?

I don't know yet, but if you enjoy Web Weekly and want to help, it would mean the world. What can you do? I'm glad you asked!

Thank you!πŸ’™

Community tune of the week

If you've read last week's edition, I asked if we should introduce a community music section. And. Here. We. Are! πŸŽ‰

The queue is already filled for next month. And I'll kick things off with Jay.

Jay Oram listens to β€œOffspring β€” Want You Bad" and says:

β€œThis song gets me energised in the morning, no matter what the day holds!”

Do you want to share your favorite song with the Web Weekly community? Hit reply, and I'll include it!

Something that made me smile this week

A ball showing the letter "Y" next to a symbol that looks like an axe.

I just love the internet.

What happens when you go online and ask why this ball in your house has the letter Y printed next to an Axe?

People go on a treasure hunt to solve the mystery. 🀣

Solve the mystery

CORS, CORS, CORS.

<!-- Not a CORS request --> <script src="https://example.com/script.js"></script> <!-- CORS request --> <script type="module" src="https://example.com/script.js"></script>

Oldie but goldie: if you want to understand how Cross-Origin Resource Sharing (CORS) works, and finally understand what triggers these weird OPTIONS requests, or learn what the headers safe list is, Jake Archibald has you covered!

Understand CORS

Accessible notifications

Difference between using aria-live and live region roles.  The primary difference between using live region roles and using aria-live on its own is that live region roles have semantic meaning. They add explicit semantics to an element ("This is an alert", "This is a status message", etc.), so some screen readers may announce β€œalert” before announcing the content of the message.

Sara Soueidan opened one of her accessibility course chapters β€” accessible notifications. What's aria-atomic? When should you use role=status? And are there ways to avoid notification handling for assistive technology altogether?

Sara has all the answers. πŸ˜‰

Notify the right way

I wrote down what I learned if you prefer a tl;dr.

Delusioned with Deno

The β€œlegacy” compatibility effectively removes any incentive to make packages for Deno (or Cloudflare, or Bun). Why use dnt to create packages that are compatible with both Deno and Node when you can just make a Node package? It’s still going to be compatible with both Deno and Node. Deno themselves have seen to that. You’re going to get cross-runtime compatibility either way.

The JavaScript runtime battle is in full swing. Of course, there's Node and the entire npm ecosystem.

But then there's Deno, or Bun, or Cloudflare workers. All of them want a bit of the JavaScript runtime cake. But they have one problem: they're starting from scratch.

None of these cool kids can rebuild or ignore what Node has β€” the massive ecosystem. And they all must be Node compatible to leverage it.

Baldur Bjarnason shared reasonable thoughts on the competition and why Node is there to stay.

Choose the best runtime

Five :has() selector types

li:has(~ li:not(a))::after { 	content: "/"; 	margin-inline-start: 10px; }

Now that all browsers ship :has(), it's finally time to look into the selector. Mojtaba Seyedi defined five :has() use cases:

  • parent selector (you probably know that one πŸ˜‰)
  • previous sibling selector
  • quantity query selector
  • anywhere selector
  • all-but-me selector

Nice naming, Mojtaba. πŸ‘

Write fancy CSS

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The wonderful weird web – sitinshade.com

Tip example from Berlin to Rome. Preferred Seating : Right Side. 1505 km / 935.23 miles :15h 20m 58s Sun Exposure Data Left Side: 32.03% Right Side: 20.77% No Sun: 47.20%.

Are you bothered by the sun when traveling long-distance on the bus? If so, this site calculates if you should sit left or right to minimize sun exposure. πŸ˜…

Optimize travel

What are your favorite internet corners? Send them my way, and I'll include them in Web Weekly!

A modern Node file system API

// read plain text const text = await fsx.text("/path/to/file.txt");  // read JSON const json = await fsx.json("/path/to/file.json");  // read bytes const bytes = await fsx.arrayBuffer("/path/to/file.png");

Nicholas C. Zakas (creator of ESLint) is looking into fixing Node's file system API. And what shall I say? I'd love it if reading and writing files would be more straightforward.

Write to disk

Better coding diffs

An imagined code review diff with hidden items and AI summaries.

How do you feel about the diff view when you're doing code reviews at work? Whether you use GitHub or any other providers, the interface is okay. But it's not great, is it?

Mark Otto explores tiny tweaks that could improve code diffing and code reviews. And I think he's onto something here!

Look at better diffs

Scroll-driven animations

A carousel that animates out the elements and changes its background color.

Disclaimer: there's a lot of Chrome-only stuff in this carousel, but it's fantastic work!

Adam Argyle shared how you can build an almost zero-JavaScript carousel with scroll-driven CSS animations and scroll() / view(). πŸ‘

Animate on scroll

Random MDN – env()

/* Using them with fallback values */ env(safe-area-inset-top, 20px); env(safe-area-inset-right, 1em); env(safe-area-inset-bottom, 0.5vh); env(safe-area-inset-left, 1.4rem);

From the unlimited MDN knowledge archive...

Did you know you can use CSS env() to place elements in a safe viewport area? env() support started with iOS and non-rectangular displays (e.g. env(safe-area-inset-top)) but now also plays a role when shipping PWAs (e.g. env(titlebar-area-width)).

Position in the safe area

TIL recap – text-align-last

p {   text-align: justify; }  p.left {   text-align-last: left; }  p.right {   text-align-last: right; }

In some designs, you must align only a paragraph's last line; is this possible in CSS? It sure is!

Align the last line

Find more short web development learnings in my "Today I learned" section.

New on the platform

Today's biggest news is that Firefox will ship Declarative Shadow DOM (DSD).

Declarative Shadow DOM "Can I use" page showing that Firefox supports it with 123.

Why's this cool? With DSD, you can now server render shadow DOM. If the browser supports it, the HTML parser creates your component roots at parse time. And soon, this magic will work across engines. πŸ’ͺ

<host-element>   <template shadowrootmode="open">     <slot></slot>   </template>   <h2>Light content</h2> </host-element>

I'll leave the question of whether you need shadow DOM for another day and celebrate that another web component feature goes cross-browser. πŸŽ‰

The Chrome folks have you covered if you want to learn more.

Three valuable projects to have a look at

A new Tiny Helper

"Font combinations" next to visually rendered headline / body font combinations.

I've no knack for anything related to fonts. Choosing one font is challenging, let alone selecting a good-looking font combination. Fontpair can help out here!

Pick the best fonts

Find more single-purpose online tools on tiny-helpers.dev.

Thought of the week

The JavaScript ecosystem is changing. Many people are increasingly unhappy about React β€” many dream of a simpler stack.

And while still a huge underdog, htmx keeps coming up again and again. But what is this 3.9k LOC long JS file? Is it a framework? A library? Or both?

Alexander Petros answers these questions and comes with a solid definition of library vs framework.

A library is a cog that you add to your machine, a framework is a pre-built machine that you control by customizing its cogs.

This is all, friends!

Loved this email? Hated this email? I want to hear about it!

If you think there’s something that needs to be improved or something that you enjoyed, reply to this email because I want to know more!

And with that, take care of yourself - mentally, physically, and emotionally.

I'll see you next week! πŸ‘‹

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About the author

Stefan standing in the park in front of a green background

Frontend nerd with over ten years of experience, "Today I Learned" blogger, conference speaker, Tiny helpers maintainer, and DevRel at Checkly.